Actions syntax

Action file

Neuro Flow supports two sources of action files: local filesystem and Github repository.
For filesystem actions, you can place a config file in any location inside the project's workspace. No special name is required.
For actions stored on Github, you should name the config file either config.yml or config.yaml and place it in the repository's root. To make your action usable, there should be a tagged commit inside the repository.
The following YAML attributes are supported:

kind

Required The action's kind defines its behavior. Different kinds have some additional attributes. Here are the available kinds of actions:
  • live actions define a single jobs inside a live workflow.
  • batch actions define sets of tasks that can be used as singles inside a batch workflow.
  • stateful actions help with utilizing resources that require cleanup in batch workflows.
  • local actions allow executing a command on the user's machine before running a batch workflow.
Expression contexts: This attribute only allows expressions that don't access contexts.

name

The action's name.
Expression contexts: This attribute only allows expressions that don't access contexts.

author

The action's author.
Expression contexts: This attribute only allows expressions that don't access contexts.

descr

A description of the action.
Expression contexts: This attribute only allows expressions that don't access contexts.

inputs

A mapping of key-value pairs that can be passed to the action. Each key can also have an optional default value and description.
The input can be specified in a short and long form.
The short form is compact, but only allows to specify the input name and its default value:
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inputs:
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name1: default1
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name2: ~ # None by default
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name3: "" # Empty string by default
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The long form allows to also specify the input's description. This can be useful for documenting the usage of the action and generating more detailed error messages.
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inputs:
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name1:
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default: default1
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descr: The name1 description
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name2:
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default: ~
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descr: The name2 description
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name3:
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default: ""
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descr: The name3 description
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The inputs can be used in expressions for calculating all other action attributes.
Expression contexts: This attribute only allows expressions that don't access contexts.

live actions

Actions with single jobs that can be integrated into a live workflow.
These actions have the following additional attributes:

job

Required A job that will run when the action is called. Attributes are the same as for a job in a live workflow.
Even though attributes are the same as in live workflows, the available expression contexts are different: actions have no access to defauls, volumes, and images of the main workflow.
Expression contexts: action job defenitions can only access the inputs context.

batch actions

Actions with sets of tasks that can be integrated into a batch workflow as a single task.
These have the following additional attributes:

outputs

A mapping of key-value pairs that the action exposes. Tasks in the workflow that contain action calls will be able to access them through the needs context.
If this attribute is missing, the action will not expose any outputs and the action call will always be successful.

outputs.<output-name>

The key output-name is a string and its value is a map that defines a single output. You must replace <output-name> with a string that is unique to the outputs object.

outputs.<output-name>.value

Required. An expression that calculates the value of an output. Can only access outputs of tasks that are specified in outputs.needs.
Example:
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outputs:
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needs: [last_task]
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name:
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value: ${{ needs.last_task.name }}
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Expression contexts: inputs context, needs context with tasks specified in outputs.needs.

outputs.<output-name>.descr

Description of an output. It can be useful for documenting actions.
Example:
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outputs:
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name:
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descr: The output description
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Expression contexts: This attribute only allows expressions that don't access contexts.

cache

A mapping that defines how the outputs of this action's tasks are cached. It can be overridden by tasks.cache

cache.strategy

The default strategy to use for caching. Available options are:
  • "none" Don't use caching at all.
  • "inherit" Inherit the value from the batch workflow that uses this action.
  • "default" The basic caching algorithm that reuses cached outputs in case the task definition and all expression contexts available in task expressions are the same.
Default: "default"
Example:
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cache:
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strategy: "default"
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Expression contexts: inputs context, strategy context containing main flow settings.

cache.life_span

The default cache invalidation duration.
This attribute can accept the following values:
  • A float number representing an amount of seconds
  • A string in the following format: 1d6h15m45s (1 day, 6 hours, 15 minutes, 45 seconds).
Default: 14d (two weeks)
If you decrease this value and re-run the workflow, neuro-flow will ignore all cache entries that were added longer ago than the new cache.life_span value specifies.
Example:
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cache:
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life_span: 31d # Cache is valid for one month
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Expression contexts: inputs context, strategy context containing main flow settings.

tasks

A list of tasks to run when the action is called. All attributes are the same as in tasks in a batch workflow.
Expression contexts: inputs context , strategy context are available for all attributes, matrix context, needs context are available for same attributes as in batch workflow.

stateful actions

A stateful action defines two tasks:
  • A main task to initialize some resource and pass it to the calling side
  • An optional post task that's executed after the main workflow is completed and can be used to properly deinitalize it.
The main and post tasks can only communicate over the state context.
It has the following additional attributes:

outputs

A mapping of key-value pairs that the action exposes. This only serves documentation purposes in stateful actions. The real outputs are generated by the main task.

outputs.<output-name>

The key output-name is a string and its value is a mapping that contains the output's description. You must replace <output-name> with a string that is unique to the outputs object.

outputs.<output-name>.descr

The output's description.
Example:
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outputs:
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resource_id:
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descr: The identifier of the created resource
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Expression contexts: This attribute only allows expressions that don't access contexts.

cache

A mapping that defines how the outputs of the main and post tasks are cached.

cache.strategy

The strategy to use for caching. Available options are:
  • "none" Don't use caching at all.
  • "inherit" Inherit the value from the batch workflow that uses this action.
  • "default" The basic caching algorithm that reuses cached outputs in case the task definition and all expression contexts available in task expressions are the same.
Default: "default"
Example:
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cache:
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strategy: "default"
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Expression contexts: inputs context.

cache.life_span

The cache invalidation duration.
This attribute can accept one of the following values:
  • A float number representing an amount of seconds
  • A string in the following format: 1d6h15m45s (1 day, 6 hours, 15 minutes, 45 seconds).
Default: 14d (two weeks)
If you decrease this value and re-run the flow, neuro-flow will ignore all cache entries that were added longer ago than the new cache.life_span value specifies.
Example:
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cache:
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life_span: 31d # Cache is valid for one month
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Expression contexts: inputs context.

main

Required A mapping that defines the main task that is executed when the action is called. The action call is successful if this task is successful and will be failed if this task fails. Outputs of this task are passed to the main workflow as action call outputs.
This mapping only supports the subset of tasks attributes from batch workflows. The unsupported attributes are: id, needs, strategy, enable, cache.
Expression contexts: inputs context.

post

A mapping that defines a post task that is executed after the main workflow is completed. If the main workflow uses more than one stateful action, the post tasks will run in reversed order: the first post task corresponds to the last main task.
This mapping only supports the subset of tasks attributes from batch workflows. The unsupported attributes are: id, needs, strategy, enable, cache.
Expression contexts: state context.

post_if

The flag to conditionally prevent a post task from running unless a condition is met. To learn more about writing conditions, refer to expression syntax. Default: ${{ always() }}
Example:
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post_if: ${{ state.created }} # Run post only if the resource was created
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Expression contexts: state context.

local actions

Actions that define cmd to be executed on the user's machine before running a batch workflow. Calls to actions of this kind precede all other tasks and action calls in the main workflow.
It has the following additional attributes:

outputs

A mapping of key-value pairs that the action exposes. This only serves documentation purposes in local actions. The real outputs are generated by cmd.

outputs.<output-name>

The key output-name is a string, and its value is a mapping that contains the output's description. You must replace <output-name> with a string that is unique to the outputs object.

outputs.<output-name>.descr

The output's description.
Example:
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outputs:
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exit_code:
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descr: The exit code of the shell program
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Expression contexts: This attribute only allows expressions that don't access contexts.

cmd

A command line code to execute locally. The shell type and the available commands depend on the user's system configuration, but you can safely assume that the low-level neuro commands are available.
Example:
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cmd:
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neuro cp -r ${{ inputs.from }} ${{ inputs.to }} # Copy files to storage
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Expression contexts: inputs context.
Last modified 6mo ago